Annual Rise in U.S. Airlines July Cargo (13%) Largest Increase in a Decade

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U.S. airlines carried almost 13% more cargo by weight in July 2020 (preliminary) than in July 2019, the largest annual increase since 2010. The rise was fueled by a gain of almost 16% in domestic cargo while the 4.5% rise in international cargo was the first annual gain since March 2019, according to data filed with the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) by 15 of the leading cargo airlines.

U.S. airlines carried almost 13% more cargo by weight in July 2020 (preliminary) than in July 2019, the largest annual increase since 2010. The rise was fueled by a gain of almost 16% in domestic cargo while the 4.5% rise in international cargo was the first annual gain since March 2019, according to data filed with the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) by 15 of the leading cargo airlines.

The 15 airlines carry 97% of the total cargo by weight on U.S. airlines. Cargo data consists of freight and mail carried within the U.S. and between the U.S. and foreign points.

July 2020 (preliminary) air cargo numbers for 15 U.S. carriers:

Total: 1,643 thousand tons, up 12.8% from July 2019 (1,457T tons) Domestic: 1,235 thousand tons, up 15.8% from July 2019 (1,066T tons) International: 408 thousand tons, up 4.5% from July 2019 (390T tons)

U.S. airline cargo reports are filed monthly with BTS. Final July data will be released on Oct. 16.  Complete international data by origin and destination, which is under a six-month confidentiality restriction, will be released on Jan. 14.

Systemwide Cargo (Domestic + International)

July 2020 (preliminary) was the third consecutive month that U.S. airlines carried more total cargo than they did during the same month of the previous year. The 12.8% increase from July 2019 was the largest year-to-year gain since June 2010 (16.3%).

Table 1: Systemwide Percent Change in US Airlines Cargo by Weight from the Same Month of the Previous Year 2016-2020

Cargo = Freight + Mail

Year-to-Year Percent Change

 2016-20172017-20182018-20192019-2020

January

6.4

10.5

5.1

-0.5

February

6.1

9.2

-0.3

-0.1

March

8.0

5.8

-0.2

-1.6

April

2.6

5.9

4.4

-1.9

May

10.8

9.0

3.1

0.9

June

6.8

5.5

-1.1

9.1

July

6.9

6.7

3.5

12.8*

August

9.7

5.0

0.2

 

September

4.3

5.0

-4.4

 

October

10.6

5.5

-1.2

 

November

10.6

-0.6

-2.3

 

December

5.6

0.3

0.7

 

Jan-July

6.8

7.5

-1.0

2.7

Annual 7.4 5.4 0.6  

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market

* July 2020 data is preliminary

Domestic Cargo

July 2020 was the eighth consecutive month (preliminary) that U.S. airlines carried more domestic cargo than they did during the same month of the previous year. The 15.8% increase from July 2019 was the largest year-to-year gain since May 2009. Domestic cargo comprised 75% of total U.S. airlines cargo in July 2020, compared to 73% in July 2019.

Table 2: Domestic Percent Change in US Airlines Cargo by Weight from the Same Month of the Previous Year 2016-2020

Domestic cargo has a U.S. origin and U.S. destination

Cargo = Freight + Mail

Year-to-Year Percent Change

 2016-20172017-20182018-20192019-2020

January

4.6

10.4

6.1

2.8

February

4.9

8.7

0.7

2.2

March

7.1

4.0

-0.4

3.1

April

1.5

4.9

7.7

3.1

May

10.8

8.9

4.5

4.2

June

5.4

4.5

0.5

12.7

July

5.2

6.7

6.2

15.8*

August

9.4

4.8

0.1

 

September

3.3

4.3

-2.9

 

October

11.1

5.7

1.8

 

November

11.3

-0.1

-1.8

 

December

5.1

0.1

4.5

 

Jan-July

5.7

6.8

0.7

6.3

Annual 6.7 5.0 2.2  

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Domestic Market

* July 2020 data is preliminary

International Cargo

U.S. airlines international cargo shipments rose 4.5% by weight (preliminary) from June 2019 to June 2020, the first year-to-year increase since March 2019 (0.4%) and the largest annual gain since October 2018 (5.0%). International cargo comprised 25% of total U.S. airlines cargo in July 2020, compared to 27% in July 2019.

Table 3: International Percent Change in US Airlines Cargo by Weight from the Same Month of the Previous Year 2016-2020

International cargo on a U.S. airline is carried between a U.S. airport and a foreign airport.

Cargo = Freight + Mail

Year-to-Year Percent Change

 2016-20172017-20182018-20192019-2020

January

11.4

10.6

2.2

-9.8

February

9.6

10.4

-3.1

-6.3

March

10.5

10.7

0.4

-13.9

April

5.3

8.2

-3.9

-15.7

May

11.0

9.2

-0.6

-8.3

June

10.8

8.2

-5.2

-0.6

July

11.3

6.7

-3.6

4.5*

August

10.6

5.6

0.4

 

September

7.2

7.0

-8.3

 

October

9.4

5.0

-8.7

 

November

8.8

-1.8

-3.5

 

December

7.2

0.9

-10.6

 

Jan-July

9.5

9.8

-6.4

-7.2

Annual

9.4

6.5

-3.8

 

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market

* July 2020 data is preliminary

Reporting Notes

Data are compiled from monthly reports filed with BTS by commercial U.S. air carriers detailing operations, passenger traffic and freight traffic. This release includes data received by BTS from 15 U.S. airlines as of Sept. 2.

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